Municipio of Bejucal, Cuba

Municipio of Bejucal, Havana, Cuba

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Municipio of Bejucal

The Municipio of Bejucal is one of the twenty six municipios in the province of Havana, Cuba. This municipio covers a surface of 75 square kilometers. To the north it borders with Santiago de las Vegas; to the east with San Antonio de las Vegas and Batabanó; to the south with La Salud; and to the west with San Antonio de los Baños.

Note: A "municipio" (plural: municipios) is the first political division of the provinces in Cuba. It is similar, in many ways, to the county or parish in which a state is divided in the United States.

Map of the Municipio of Bejucal in Havana province in 1940.
Municipio of Bejucal in Havana province

Population: The population of this municipio in 1953 was 11,204 persons.

Population of the Municipio of Bejucal
Census 1943 1931 1919 1907 1899
Population 10,405 9,638 7,732 7,129 5,756

Jurisdiction: Bejucal was one of the thirty one jurisdictions in which Cuba was divided in the 1700's. Ever since 1874, when the Isla de Pinos was made a municipio of its own, land has been taken away from Bejucal to make new municipios. In 1940 the Municipio of Bejucal was judicial party and the fiscal district.

The church of San Felipe y Santiago in Bejucal, one of the old churches in Cuba. Photo 2007.
The church of San Felipe y Santiago in Bejucal
This temple was consecrated in 1722

Barrios: The "barrios" (singular: barrio) in Cuba are similar to the electoral districts in which a county is divided in the United Sates.

The barrios of Bejucal in 1943 were: Primero, Segundo, Tercero, and Cuarto are part of San Felipe de Bejucal. Also in this municipio are included the barrios of Aguas Verdes and Beltrán.

Aguas Verdes: Included in this barrio was the town of Piedras.

Beltrán: In this barrio, in the ranch of “El Bosque” (The Forest), Juan Delgado was born. Juan Delgado joined the Cuban Revolution for Independence and achieved the rank of Colonel for his valor in the field of action. He was the one, accompanied by some of the troop, that rescued the body of Mayor General Antonio Maceo and his helper Panchito Gomez Toro. Juan Delgado died in action just a few days before the United States declared war on Spain and entered the war already well in progress in Cuba.

Population of the barrios in the Municipio of Bejucal
as per the Censuses of Cuba of 1943, 1931 and 1919
Barrio 1943 1931 1919
 Primero 1,456 1,339 1,186
 Segundo 3,047 2,459 1,298
 Tercero 2,213 1,869 1,506
 Cuarto 1,603 1,538 1,399
 Aguas Verdes 1,450 1,695 1,632
 Beltrán 636 738 711

Population of the barrios in the Municipio of Bejucal
according to the 1899 Census of Cuba
Barrio 1899
 Primero 997
 Segundo 1,068
 Tercero 1,093
 Piedras 1,670
 Rest of the municipio 928

Historic Event

The first train run in Cuba was from Havana to Bejucal. The historic event took place on November 19, 1837 placing Cuba as the seventh country in the world, and the first in the Spanish speaking world, to have a train. Yes, even before Spain had the parallel lines in place, in Cuba the iron horse was steaming its way through the fields of Bejucal.

The Charangas of Bejucal, one of the most popular town feasts in Cuba. Photo in Bejucal, 2005.
The Charangas of Bejucal

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Last revised: October 25, 2007
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